Music and hypnotic state (p1)
Hypnosis (Greek. hypnos-sleep) an Altered state of consciousness characterized by a narrowing of its volume and presumably a sharp focus on the content of the suggestion. The state of hypnosis occurs as a result of special effects of the hypnotist or purposeful self-suggestion. In a more General sense, hypnosis is a socio-medical concept of a set of techniques for purposeful verbal and sound effects on the human psyche through a certain way of inhibited consciousness, leading to the unconscious execution of various commands and reactions.
Hypnosis is known to mankind for a long time, it was practiced by the priests of ancient Sumer. In the ancient world, almost the entire system of prophecies was built on the basis of hypnotic trance. Such techniques were used not only by initiates (priests and oracles). It is known, in particular, that the ancient Roman philosopher Apuleius was reproached by his contemporaries for bringing his slaves into a state of hypnotic trance in order to get a prediction of the future.
Why do our feelings and emotions change when listening to music? We calm down or get excited. Why does music control us, making us do things that normally we would never do? The answer lies in the structures of our brain.
The ability of music to affect human consciousness was known to our ancestors. In ancient times, shamans introduced people into a state of trance with their hypnotic melodies. But the world does not stand still: people have changed, and technology has changed. And if shamans of ancient times used drums and tambourines, then modern shamans-DJ’s other equipment: turntables, mixing console and speakers.
It is scientifically proven that such sound instruments as the human voice, flute, drums and other percussion affect the state of the human brain, more precisely, its neurological activity.
To properly understand this issue, you should first return to the school biology course. Both brain hemispheres of a person are responsible for different functions. The left is responsible for conscious, verbal, logical, rational, and analytical content. The right (non-dominant in most people) hemisphere is filled with abstract, synthetic, visual, and intuitive content. When a person increases theta activity1 and enters a hypnotic trance state, this means that the right hemisphere is actively stimulated. After all, it is the non-dominant hemisphere (again for most) that allows people to enter a euphoric state of a kind of Nirvana.
The main “stimulators” for this condition are sounds and music, which stimulate the increase in cellular activity of the human body. The connection between the non-dominant hemisphere and the spatial and intuitive aspects of human consciousness is very, very close, so music can enter a person into a so-called trance state without the help of any drugs at all.
Often we can see the expression of such an unusual state of consciousness (when stimulated by the non-dominant hemisphere) in the form of an active perception of many mental motives, such as deep emotions, fantasies, and archetypal conflicts and dramas. It is in this state that the senses become more acute, and the perception becomes more active and refined. Simply put, a person’s sensitivity increases, he begins to perceive what previously did not pay attention.
In the brain, various types of electromagnetic vibrations are mixed, from a slow alpha rhythm to a high-frequency beta rhythm. EEG rhythms of an adult awake person:
– alpha rhythm-frequency 8…13 Hertz, amplitude up to 100 mV. When the level of functional activity of the brain increases the amplitude of the rhythm decreases and often it completely disappears;
– beta rhythm frequency 14…40 Hertz, amplitude up to 15 mV. Disappears when you run or even the mental representation of movement;
– mu-rhythm-frequency 8…13 Hertz, amplitude up to 50 mV.
(wichet) – an arch-like rhythm that is activated during mental stress and mental stress;
– gamma rhythm-frequency 40…70 Hz, with the amplitude of up to 7 mV.
“High-frequency beta rhythm”.
Rhythms and phenomena that are pathological for an adult awake person:
– theta rhythm-frequency 4…6 Hertz, amplitude of 40 or more microns (up to 300 microns);
– Sigma-rhythm frequency of 0.5…3 Hertz, amplitude of 40 or more mV;
The manifestation of the rhythms
Alpha waves, 13 Hertz, are observed in normal state, stress, and anxiety.
Beta waves, 8 to 12 Hz are present under light relaxation , positive
moods and thoughts.
Theta waves, 4-7 Hertz – Deep relaxation, meditation, enhanced work with
memory and the state of focused attention.
Delta waves, 1-3 Hertz-deep sleep, “clear dreams”, active inclusion in
the work of the immune system.
Gamma waves – not fully investigated
By synchronizing brain activity at these frequencies, you can not only deliberately change your state of consciousness, mood, and emotions.
When two slightly different frequencies are superimposed, there are beats corresponding to this difference. We observed this when studying the vocals of Opera singers. These beats can also be of infrasound frequency. For the brain, it doesn’t matter how you trigger an unusual alpha rhythm.
It is important that the infra-low frequency oscillation affects the Central nervous system and disrupts its operation.
You can choose such rhythms and combinations of tones in a piece of music that their harmonics, that is, sounds with frequencies that are multiples of the frequency of the main tone (they determine the timbre, the nature of the sound of the instrument), and the beats will be in the infrasound range.
The most suitable for this selection are percussion instruments: drums, timpani, cymbals, etc. for modern drummers who perform so-called pop music, whole percussion units are built, on which they “play” with all four limbs. The sound of a drum, for example, is explosive in a single blow (it carries a wide continuous spectrum containing all the audible frequencies).
When repeating beats with a frequency of about 3-4 beats per second, the main frequency and its harmonics are most strongly highlighted, i.e. frequencies of about 6-8 Hz, 9-12 Hz, and so on. the Other frequencies are somewhat suppressed. You are consciously aware of repeated impacts and unconsciously exposed to infrasound. Remember, when performing dangerous stunts in a circus, the orchestra “plays” a drum roll that increases the feeling of anxiety. This is due to the effect of imposed alpha rhythms on the Central nervous system.
The music of the Slavic peoples is characterized by melodiousness, melodiousness, there are almost no explosive repetitive sounds that can form infrasonic beats. Therefore, our music is easy to think about, it contributes to the knowledge of the world around us. But the music of some peoples is characterized by an abundance of explosive rhythmic drum sounds. It is almost impossible to think with such music.
Try to think about something serious while listening to modern pop music at the same time – it will not work. And there is nothing to say about abstract associative thinking – the only way of creativity. Pop music prevents a person from learning and creating. Therefore, people whose music is based on drum rhythms are significantly behind in development.
Tempo, rhythm, hypnosis
According to scientists, music has a physiological effect on the human brain. Lozanov the Bulgarian doctor (Dr. Lozanov) found that rhythm greatly affects the activity of the brain and its work.
The scientist concluded that a musical tempo equal to 60 beats per minute increases the so-called alpha activity of the brain, which is associated with relaxation, by 6%. At the same time, the same musical tempo reduces the beta activity of the brain, which is primarily associated with activity and wakefulness.